Heliports on shipboards, by their very nature, are normally situated
in congested areas.
They are characterized by limited space and close proximity to vertical structures such as
cranes or chimneys. The pad itself may be dark in contrast to the surrounding platform lights.
Lighting requirements for this kind of elevated heliports are very important.
Visual aids for night operations consist of:
· beacon light: to provide long-range and clear visual guidance in midst of surrounding lights;
· floodlights: to display obstacles and, as far as practicable, in a manner so as not to dazzle pilots;
· FATO lights: to be placed along the edges of the FATO (Final approach and take-off area);
· TLOF lights: to be placed along the edges of the TLOF (Touchdown and lift-off area);
· approaching lights (optional); to display the preferred direction of approach;
· windsock light: to display windsock and wind direction;